Labor and the Class Idea in the United States and Canada
Wednesday, September 30 / 1:45 pm - 4:00 pm EDTfree
Join us for the Toronto book launch for Barry Eidlin’s Labor and the Class Idea in the United States and Canada (Cambridge University Press, 2018). The most comprehensive and systematic assessment ever of explanations for US union decline! Presentation by and Q&A with author.
Why are unions weaker in the US than in Canada, two otherwise similar countries? This difference has shaped politics, policy, and levels of inequality. Conventional wisdom points to differences in political cultures, party systems, and labor laws. But Barry Eidlin’s systematic analysis of archival and statistical data shows the limits of conventional wisdom, and presents a novel explanation for the cross-border difference. He shows that it resulted from different ruling party responses to worker upsurge during the Great Depression and World War II. Paradoxically, US labor’s long-term decline resulted from what was initially a more pro-labor ruling party response, while Canadian labor’s relative long-term strength resulted from a more hostile ruling party response. These struggles embedded ‘the class idea’ more deeply in policies, institutions, and practices than in the US. In an age of growing economic inequality and broken systems of political representation, Eidlin’s analysis offers insight for those seeking to understand these trends, as well as those seeking to change them.
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Barry Eidlin is an Assistant Professor in the Sociology Department at McGill University. He is a comparative historical sociologist with an interest in the study of class, politics, and institutional change. More specifically, his research focuses on explaining the diverging trajectories of working class power in the United States and Canada over the course of the twentieth century. Eidlin is the author of Labor and the Class Idea in the United States and Canada (Cambridge University Press, 2018) and numerous popular news and Jacobin articles such as “Bernie’s Plan for Workplace Democracy Is the Boldest Presidential Plan for Workers’ Rights Ever” and “What Is the Rank and File Strategy, and Why Does It Matter?”